What makes community psychiatric nurses label non-psychotic chronic patients as 'difficult': Patient, professional, treatment and social variables
Number of pages
SourceSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 46, 10, (2011), pp. 1045-1053
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI BO
SW OZ BSI OGG
SW OZ BSI KLP
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
SubjectExperimental Psychopathology and Treatment
Purpose To determine which patient, professional, treatment and/or social variables make community psychiatric nurses (CPNs) label non-psychotic chronic patients as ‘difficult’. Methods A questionnaire was designed and administered to 1,946 CPNs in the Netherlands. Logistic regression was used to design models that most accurately described the variables that contributed to perceived difficulty. Results Six variables were retained in the final logistic model. Perception-related variables (feeling powerless, feeling that the patient is able but unwilling to change, and pessimism about the patient’s change potential) dominated treatment-related variables (number of contacts per week and admission to a locked ward in the last year) and social variables (number of psychosocial problems). Conclusion This research shows that perceived difficulty is related to complex treatment situations, not so much to individual patient characteristics. If the constructed model has good predictive qualities, which remains to be tested in longitudinal research, it may be possible to accurately predict perceived patient difficulty. When used as a screening tool, such a model could improve treatment outcomes.
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