Spatially distributed patterns of oscillatory coupling between high-frequency amplitudes and low-frequency phases in human iEEG
SourceNeuroImage, 54, 2, (2011), pp. 836-850
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectBiological psychology; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 4: Brain Networks and Neuronal Communication; Biologische psychologie
Spatially distributed coherent oscillations provide temporal windows of excitability that allow for interactions between distinct neuronal groups. It has been hypothesized that this mechanism for neuronal communication is realized by bursts of high-frequency oscillations that are phase-coupled to a low-frequency spatially distributed coupling oscillation. This mechanism requires multiple physiologically different interacting sources, one generating the low-frequency coupling oscillation and the others generating phase-coupled high-frequency oscillations. Using human intracranial EEG (iEEG) data, we provide evidence for multiple oscillatory patterns, as characterized on the basis of their spatial maps (topographies) and their frequency spectra. In fact, we show that the spatial maps for the coupling oscillations are much more widespread than the ones for the associated phase-coupled bursts. Second, in the majority of the patterns of phase-amplitude coupling (PAC), phase-coupled bursts of high-frequency activity are synchronized across brain areas. Third and last, working memory operations affect the PAC strength in a heterogeneous way: in some PAC patterns, working memory operations increase their strength, whereas in others they decrease it.
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