Spatial and nonspatial implicit motor learning in Korsakoff's amnesia: Evidence for selective deficits
Number of pages
SourceExperimental Brain Research, 214, 10, (2011), pp. 427-435
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ DCC NRP
SW OZ DCC SMN
Experimental Brain Research
SubjectDI-BCB_DCC_Theme 2: Perception, Action and Control; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 3: Plasticity and Memory; NCEBP 8: Psychological determinants of chronic illness DCN 1: Perception and Action; Neuropsychology and rehabilitation psychology; Neuro- en revalidatiepsychologie
Patients with amnesia have deficits in declarative memory but intact memory for motor and perceptual skills, which suggests that explicit memory and implicit memory are distinct. However, the evidence that implicit motor learning is intact in amnesic patients is contradictory. This study investigated implicit sequence learning in amnesic patients with Korsakoff's syndrome (N = 20) and matched controls (N = 14), using the classical Serial Reaction Time Task and a newly developed Pattern Learning Task in which the planning and execution of the responses are more spatially demanding. Results showed that implicit motor learning occurred in both groups of participants; however, on the Pattern Learning Task, the percentage of errors did not increase in the Korsakoff group in the random test phase, which is indicative of less implicit learning. Thus, our findings show that the performance of patients with Korsakoff's syndrome is compromised on an implicit learning task with a strong spatial response component.
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