Persisting thrombin activity in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation on oral anticoagulation is decreased by anti-inflammatory therapy with intensive cholesterol-lowering treatment
SourceJournal of Clinical Lipidology, 5, 4, (2011), pp. 273-80
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Laboratory of Hematology
Journal of Clinical Lipidology
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that the occurrence of ischemic stroke is more prevalent in AF patients, when increased levels of inflammatory markers are present. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intensive cholesterol lowering therapy on inflammatory markers and evidence of thrombotic in elderly AF patients treated with OAC. METHODS: 34 elderly patients (69-85 yrs) were randomized to double blind treatment with atorvastatin 40 mg plus ezetimibe 10 mg (n = 17) or double placebo (n = 17) for one year. All were anticoagulated with warfarin (target INR 2.5-3.5). Every 3 months inflammatory markers and parameters for evaluation of haemostatic and fibrinolytic activity were measured. RESULTS: Anti-inflammatory effects in the treatment arm were reflected by a significant decrease from baseline in hs-CRP, FGF, G-CSF, GM-CSF, IL-1ra, IL-9, IL-13, IL-17 and interferon-gamma (P < .05). There was no significant decrease in the control group. Endogenous thrombin potential was still present and active but decreased during treatment (P = .0005) compared to the placebo group. After 12 months treatment, a significant correlation was found between changes in endogenous thrombin potential and hs-CRP, interferon-gamma and G-CSF, respectively. No hemorrhagic complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Intensive cholesterol lowering significantly reduced inflammation and was accompanied by reduced thrombin generation. Larger clinical studies should determine which inflammatory markers are most specific and sensitive for estimating the inflammatory burden in these patients and at which corresponding thrombin activity level it is beneficial and safe to add intensive cholesterol lowering therapy even if normal cholesterol levels are present.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.