A germline variant in the TP53 polyadenylation signal confers cancer susceptibility
until further notice
SourceNature Genetics, 43, 11, (2011), pp. 1098-1103
Article / Letter to editor
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Epidemiology, Biostatistics & HTA
SubjectIGMD 2: Molecular gastro-enterology and hepatology ONCOL 3: Translational research; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; NCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology; NCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease
To identify new risk variants for cutaneous basal cell carcinoma, we performed a genome-wide association study of 16 million SNPs identified through whole-genome sequencing of 457 Icelanders. We imputed genotypes for 41,675 Illumina SNP chip-typed Icelanders and their relatives. In the discovery phase, the strongest signal came from rs78378222[C] (odds ratio (OR) = 2.36, P = 5.2 x 10(-17)), which has a frequency of 0.0192 in the Icelandic population. We then confirmed this association in non-Icelandic samples (OR = 1.75, P = 0.0060; overall OR = 2.16, P = 2.2 x 10(-20)). rs78378222 is in the 3' untranslated region of TP53 and changes the AATAAA polyadenylation signal to AATACA, resulting in impaired 3'-end processing of TP53 mRNA. Investigation of other tumor types identified associations of this SNP with prostate cancer (OR = 1.44, P = 2.4 x 10(-6)), glioma (OR = 2.35, P = 1.0 x 10(-5)) and colorectal adenoma (OR = 1.39, P = 1.6 x 10(-4)). However, we observed no effect for breast cancer, a common Li-Fraumeni syndrome tumor (OR = 1.06, P = 0.57, 95% confidence interval 0.88-1.27).
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