Treatment extension benefits HCV genotype 1 patients without rapid virological response: a systematic review
SourceNetherlands Journal of Medicine, 69, 5, (2011), pp. 216-221
Article / Letter to editor
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Netherlands Journal of Medicine
SubjectIGMD 2: Molecular gastro-enterology and hepatology; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend 48 weeks of treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin for patients infected with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1. Several clinical trials have investigated the efficacy of treatment duration longer than 48 weeks, but yielded discordant results. METHODS: We performed a structured search of PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane library to identify randomised clinical trials in HCV genotype 1 patients who were treated either for 48 or 72 weeks. Sustained viral response (SVR) data were pooled and a sample size weighted pooled proportion was calculated. RESULTS: We identified five studies matching our criteria. Studies randomised at baseline (n=1), at absence of rapid virological response (RVR) at week 4 (n=1), at early virological response at week 12 (EVR) (n=1) or at slow response at week 24 (n=2). In the RCT that randomised at absence of RVR, SVR was significantly higher in the extended treatment arm (57 vs 42%, p=0.02) with an RR of 1.35 (95% CI 1.04 to 1.75). This tendency was also observed in the studies that randomised at slow response (44 vs 35%), although no longer statistically significantly different. CONCLUSION: Prolonged 72-week treatment should be considered in HCV genotype 1 patients without RVR at week 4, as this increased SVR.
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