Mild muscular features in tenascin-x knockout mice, a model of ehlers-danlos syndrome
SourceConnective Tissue Research, 52, 5, (2011), pp. 422-432
Article / Letter to editor
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Cell Biology (UMC)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics & HTA
Connective Tissue Research
SubjectDCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics NCEBP 10: Human Movement & Fatigue; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; NCEBP 12: Human Reproduction IGMD 9: Renal disorder; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 3: Translational research IGMD 9: Renal disorder
INTRODUCTION: Tenascin-X (TNX) is an extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoprotein, the absence of which in humans leads to a recessive form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), a group of inherited connective tissue disorders characterized by joint hypermobility, skin hyperextensibility, and tissue fragility. A mouse model of TNX-deficient type EDS has been used to characterize the dermatological, orthopedic, and obstetrical features. The growing insight in the clinical overlap between myopathies and inherited connective tissue disorders asks for a study of the muscular characteristics of inherited connective tissue diseases. Therefore, this study aims to define the muscular phenotype of TNX knockout (KO) mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive study on the muscular phenotype of these TNX KO mice, consisting of standardized clinical assessment, muscle histology, and gene expression profiling of muscle tissue. Furthermore, peripheral nerve composition was studied by histology and electron microscopy. RESULTS: The main findings are the presence of mild muscle weakness, mild myopathic features on histology, and functional upregulation of genes encoding proteins involved in ECM degradation and synthesis. Additionally, sciatic nerve samples showed mildly reduced collagen fibril density of endoneurium. DISCUSSION: The muscular phenotype of TNX KO mice consists of mild muscle weakness with histological signs of myopathy and of increased turnover of the ECM in muscle. Furthermore, mildly reduced diameter of myelinated fibers and reduction of collagen fibril density of endoneurium may correspond with polyneuropathy in TNX-deficient EDS patients. This comprehensive assessment can serve as a starting point for further investigations on neuromuscular function in TNX KO mice.
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