Endolymphatic sac tumors: clinical outcome and management in a series of 9 cases
SourceOtology & Neurotology, 32, 4, (2011), pp. 680-685
Article / Letter to editor
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Otology & Neurotology
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection
OBJECTIVES: Endolymphatic sac tumors (ELSTs) are rare adenomatous tumors arising in the petrous bone, either spontaneously (isolated) or in association with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. For 9 patients, this study describes the typical features and management of ELST and the clinical outcome of treatment. Similarities and differences are identified for ELST in isolation and in association with VHL disease. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: The patient database was searched for patients diagnosed with ELST. All other tertiary referral centers in The Netherlands were invited to do likewise. INTERVENTIONS: The patient records were screened for presenting symptoms, hearing, imaging, treatment, and treatment outcome. Histopathologic finding was reviewed by a senior pathologist. RESULTS: Six patients with an isolated ELST and 3 patients with an ELST in association with VHL disease were identified. In the isolated ELST group, 5 patients were treated surgically and 1 patient was administered primary radiotherapy. In the VHL group, 1 patient underwent surgery and 2 patients were treated conservatively after a wait-and-magnetic resonance imaging-scan protocol. All individual treatment outcomes are scrupulously presented in this article. CONCLUSION: This study compiles and describes 9 cases of ELST. In 8 of 9 patients, the ELST could be controlled by surgery, radiotherapy, or a wait-and-scan protocol. The large interpatient differences make it difficult to standardize the management of this disease. The management is strongly influenced by comorbidity and tumor stage.
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