Triggering mechanisms of stent thrombosis
SourceEurointervention, 6, 6, (2011), pp. 722-728
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the role of potential triggers of stent thrombosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (n = 437) with "definite" ST were recruited consecutively in the setting of a large multicentre observational cohort study. Patients were interviewed with validated questionnaires to identify one of the following triggers: i) timing of onset of ST, ii) performance of vigorous ( >/= 6 MET) physical activity in the two hours preceding ST, iii) presence of emotional stress (experiencing a serious life event in the 14 days preceding the ST or feelings of anger in the 12 hours of ST) and iv) presence of a documented active infection at the time of ST. A total of 363 patients (83.1%) were able to supply adequate information. A significant trigger was identified in 83 patients (22.9%). Analysis of the different categories according to timing of ST revealed a higher prevalence of triggers with an increasing time-interval between index PCI and ST. Analysis of circadian variation showed a steep peak incidence from 7 am-12 pm. CONCLUSIONS: Triggering mechanisms such as time of the day, physical exertion, emotional stress and infection may play an important role in a considerable number of patients presenting with ST, in particular in patients with (very) late ST.
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