The mechanoreceptor TRPV4 is localized in adherence junctions of the human bladder urothelium: a morphological study
SourceJournal of Urology, 186, 3, (2011), pp. 1121-7
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Journal of Urology
SubjectNCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility IGMD 9: Renal disorder
PURPOSE: TRPV4 (transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 channel) is a nonselective cation channel involved in different sensory functions that was recently implicated in bladder mechanosensation. We investigated the cellular site of TRPV4 in bladder urothelium and explored a molecular connection between TRPV4 and urothelial adherence junctions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained healthy tissues sections from cystectomy in humans due to cancer in 3 and noncancerous conditions in 2. Besides human biopsies tissues from 7 normal and 7 TRPV4-/-mice, and the urothelial cell line RT4 were also used. Experiments were done with polyclonal antibody against TRPV4 (against the N-terminus of rat TRPV4). A molecular connection between TRPV4 and different adherence junction components was investigated using immunofluorescence, Western blot and immunoprecipitation. RESULTS: Results revealed TRPV4 on urothelial cell membranes near adherence junctions. Results were comparable in the urothelial cell line, human bladders and mouse bladders. Subsequent immunoprecipitation experiments established a molecular connection of TRPV4 to alpha-catenin, an integral part of the adherence junction that catenates E-cadherin to the actin-microfilament network. CONCLUSIONS: Results provide evidence for the location of TRPV4 in human bladder urothelium. TRPV4 is molecularly connected to adherence junctions on the urothelial cell membrane. TRPV4 coupling to a rigid intracellular and intercellular structural network would agree with the hypothesis that TRPV4 can be activated by bladder stretch.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) tolog in with SURFconextto upload a file for processing by the repository team.