The effect of antecedent hypoglycaemia on beta-adrenergic sensitivity in healthy participants with the Arg16Gly polymorphism of the beta-adrenergic receptor
until further notice
SourceDiabetologia, 54, 5, (2011), pp. 1212-1218
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectIGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Homozygosity for glycine at codon 16 (GlyGly) of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor may alter receptor sensitivity upon chronic stimulation and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypoglycaemia unawareness. We compared the effect of antecedent hypoglycaemia on beta(2)-adrenergic receptor sensitivity between GlyGly participants and those with arginine 16 homozygosity (ArgArg) for the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor. METHODS: We enrolled 16 healthy participants, who were either GlyGly (n = 8) or ArgArg (n = 8). They participated randomly in two 2 day experiments. Day 1 consisted of two 2-h hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemic (2.8 mmol/l) or euglycaemic (4.8 mmol/l) glucose clamps. On day 2, we measured the forearm vasodilator response to the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor agonist salbutamol and the dose of isoprenaline required to increase the heart rate by 25 bpm (IC(25)). RESULTS: The vasodilator response to salbutamol tended to be greater after antecedent hypoglycaemia than after euglycaemia (p = 0.078), consistent with increased beta(2)-adrenergic receptor sensitivity. This effect was driven by a significant increase in beta(2)-adrenergic receptor sensitivity following hypoglycaemia compared with euglycaemia in ArgArg participants (p = 0.019), whereas no such effect was observed in the GlyGly participants. Antecedent hypoglycaemia tended to decrease the IC(25) in ArgArg participants, whereas the reverse occurred in the GlyGly participants (GlyGly vs ArgArg group p = 0.047). CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: Antecedent hypoglycaemia did not affect beta(2)-adrenergic receptor sensitivity in healthy GlyGly participants, but increased it in ArgArg participants. If these results also hold for participants with type 1 diabetes, such an increase in beta(2)-adrenergic receptor sensitivity may potentially reduce the risk of repeated hypoglycaemia and the subsequent development of hypoglycaemia unawareness in ArgArg diabetic participants. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00160056.
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