Psilostachyin C: a natural compound with trypanocidal activity
SourceInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 37, 6, (2011), pp. 536-543
Article / Letter to editor
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International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy
In this study, the antiprotozoal activity of the sesquiterpene lactone psilostachyin C was investigated. This natural compound was isolated from Ambrosia scabra by bioassay-guided fractionation and was identified by spectroscopic techniques. Psilostachyin C exerted in vitro trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigotes, trypomastigotes and amastigotes, with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) values of 0.6, 3.5 and 0.9 mug/mL, respectively, and displayed less cytotoxicity against mammalian cells, with a 50% cytotoxic concentration (CC(50)) of 87.5 mug/mL. Interestingly, this compound induced ultrastructural alterations, as seen by transmission electron microscopy, in which vacuolisation and a structural appearance resembling multivesicular bodies were observed even at a concentration as low as 0.2 mug/mL. In an in vivo assay, a significant reduction in the number of circulating parasites was found in T. cruzi-infected mice treated with psilostachyin C for 5 days compared with untreated mice (7.4 +/- 1.2 x 10(5)parasites/mL vs. 12.8 +/- 2.0 x 10(5)parasites/mL) at the peak of parasitaemia. According to these results, psilostachyin C may be considered a promising template for the design of novel trypanocidal agents. In addition, psilostachyin C inhibited the growth of Leishmania mexicana and Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes (IC(50)=1.2 mug/mL and 1.5 mug/mL, respectively).
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