Prednisolone-induced changes in gene-expression profiles in healthy volunteers.
SourcePharmacogenomics, 12, 7, (2011), pp. 985-998
1 juli 2011
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectIGMD 5: Health aging / healthy living N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; NCMLS 7: Chemical and physical biology
BACKGROUND: Prednisolone and other glucocorticoids (GCs) are potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs. However, prolonged use at a medium or high dose is hampered by side effects of which the metabolic side effects are most evident. Relatively little is known about their effect on gene-expression in vivo, the effect on cell subpopulations and the relation to the efficacy and side effects of GCs. AIM: To identify and compare prednisolone-induced gene signatures in CD4 T lymphocytes and CD14 monocytes derived from healthy volunteers and to link these signatures to underlying biological pathways involved in metabolic adverse effects. MATERIALS & METHODS: Whole-genome expression profiling was performed on CD4 T lymphocytes and CD14 monocytes derived from healthy volunteers treated with prednisolone. Text-mining analyses was used to link genes to pathways involved in metabolic adverse events. RESULTS: Induction of gene-expression was much stronger in CD4 T lymphocytes than in CD14 monocytes with respect to fold changes, but the number of truly cell-specific genes where a strong prednisolone effect in one cell type was accompanied by a total lack of prednisolone effect in the other cell type, was relatively low. Subsequently, a large set of genes was identified with a strong link to metabolic processes, for some of which the association with GCs is novel. CONCLUSION: The identified gene signatures provide new starting points for further study into GC-induced transcriptional regulation in vivo and the mechanisms underlying GC-mediated metabolic side effects.
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