Multimodal imaging of nanovaccine carriers targeted to human dendritic cells
SourceMolecular Pharmaceutics, 8, 2, (2011), pp. 520-531
Article / Letter to editor
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Cell Biology (UMC)
SubjectNCMLS 4: Energy and redox metabolism; NCMLS 4: Energy and redox metabolism IGMD 8: Mitochondrial medicine; ONCOL 3: Translational research NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation
Dendritic cells (DCs) are key players in the initiation of adaptive immune responses and are currently exploited in immunotherapy against cancer and infectious diseases. The targeted delivery of nanovaccine particles (NPs) to DCs in vivo is a promising strategy to enhance immune responses. Here, targeted nanovaccine carriers were generated that allow multimodal imaging of nanocarrier-DC interactions from the subcellular to the organism level. These carriers were made of biodegradable poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) harboring superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (SPIO) and fluorescently labeled antigen in a single particle. Targeted delivery was facilitated by coating the NPs with antibodies recognizing the DC-specific receptor DC-SIGN. The fluorescent label allowed for rapid analysis and quantification of specific versus nonspecific uptake of targeted NPs by DCs compared to other blood cells. In addition, it showed that part of the encapsulated antigen reached the lysosomal compartment of DCs within 24 h. Moreover, the presence of fluorescent label did not prevent the antigen from being presented to antigen-specific T cells. The incorporated SPIO was applied to track the NPs at subcellular cell organel level using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). NPs were found within endolysosomal compartments, where part of the SPIO was already released within 24 h. Furthermore, part of the NPs seemed to localize within the cytoplasm. Ex vivo loading of DCs with NPs resulted in efficient labeling and detection by MRI and did not abolish cell migration within collagen scaffolds. In conclusion, incorporation of two imaging agents within a single carrier allows tracking of targeted nanovaccines on a subcellular, cellular and possibly organism level, thereby facilitating rational design of in vivo targeted vaccination strategies.
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