Implementation of asymmetric yielding in case-specific finite element models improves the prediction of femoral fractures
SourceComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 14, 2, (2011), pp. 183-193
Article / Letter to editor
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Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
SubjectNCEBP 10: Human Movement & Fatigue
Although asymmetric yielding in bone is widely shown in experimental studies, previous case-specific non-linear finite element (FE) studies have mainly adopted material behaviour using the Von Mises yield criterion (VMYC), assuming equal bone strength in tension and compression. In this study, it was verified that asymmetric yielding in FE models can be captured using the Drucker-Prager yield criterion (DPYC), and can provide better results than simulations using the VMYC. A sensitivity analysis on parameters defining the DPYC (i.e. the degree of yield asymmetry and the yield stress settings) was performed, focusing on the effect on bone failure. In this study, the implementation of a larger degree of yield asymmetry improved the prediction of the fracture location; variations in the yield stress mainly affected the predicted failure force. We conclude that the implementation of asymmetric yielding in case-specific FE models improves the prediction of femoral bone strength.
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