Enhanced recovery after surgery versus conventional perioperative care in rectal surgery
SourceDiseases of the Colon and Rectum, 54, 7, (2011), pp. 833-839
Article / Letter to editor
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Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs have been developed to improve recovery, shorten hospital stays, and reduce morbidity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of the enhanced recovery program on the outcome of rectal surgery. DESIGN: A cohort of patients who underwent open rectal surgery after an enhanced recovery program was compared with a historic case-matched control group receiving conventional perioperative care. Patients were matched for type of surgery, disease, comorbidity, and demographic characteristics. Data regarding fast-track targets, length of hospital stay, mortality, complications, relaparotomies, and readmissions were collected. RESULTS: Forty-one patients in the enhanced recovery group were compared with 82 case-matched patients receiving conventional care. The length of hospital stay (median: 8 days vs 12 days, P < .005) was reduced in the enhanced recovery after surgery group. There were no significant differences in epidural use, mortality, morbidity, and readmission rates between groups. LIMITATIONS: This study performed an intention-to-treat analysis for the multimodal enhanced recovery program in rectal surgery. Specific elements of the program were not analyzed separately. The study used nonrandomly assigned historic controls for comparison. CONCLUSION: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs help to reduce the length of hospital stay after rectal surgery.
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