Constraint-satisfaction inference for entity recognition
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Berlin : Springer Verlag
InBosch, A.P.J. van den; Bouma, G. (ed.), Interactive multi-modal question answering, pp. 199-221
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Bosch, A.P.J. van den
Communicatie- en informatiewetenschappen
Bosch, A.P.J. van den; Bouma, G. (ed.), Interactive multi-modal question answering
One approach to QA answering is to match a question to candidate answers in a background corpus based on semantic overlap, possibly in combination with other levels of matching, such as lexical vector space similarity and syntactic similarity. While the computation of deep semantic similarity is as yet generally infeasible, semantic analysis in a specific domain is feasible, if the analysis is constrained to finding domain-specific entities and basic relations. Finding domain-specific entities, the focus of this chapter, is still not a trivial task due to ambiguities of terms. This problem, like many others in Natural Language Processing, is a sequence labelling task. We describe the development of a new approach to sequence labelling in general, based on the constraint satisfaction inference. The output of the machine-learning-based classifiers that solve aspects of the task (such as subsequently predicting the output of the label sequence) are considered as constraints on the global structured output analysis. The constraint-satisfaction inference method is compared to other state-of-the-art sequence labelling approaches, showing competitive performance.
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