Transient and steady-state responses to mechanical stimulation of different fingers reveal interactions based on lateral inhibition
Number of pages
SourceClinical Neurophysiology, 121, 12, (2010), pp. 2090-2096
Article / Letter to the editor
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SW OZ DCC AI
SubjectCognitive artificial intelligence; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 4: Brain Networks and Neuronal Communication
Objective - Simultaneous tactile finger stimulation evokes transient ERP responses that are smaller than the linear summation of ERP responses to individual stimulation. Occlusion and lateral inhibition are two possible mechanisms responsible for this effect. The present study disentangles these two effects using steady-state somatosensory evoked potentials (SSSEP). Simultaneous stimulation on adjacent and distant finger pairs with the same and different stimulation frequencies are compared. Methods - The index finger (IF), middle finger (MF) and little finger (LF) were mechanically stimulated with a frequency of 18, 22 or 26 Hz, respectively. Stimulation was applied for each finger separately, and for the IF (18 Hz) in combination with either the MF or LF for 22 and 26 Hz, respectively. A measure for interaction (IR) was calculated for the P60 component and the SSSEP amplitude. Results - Significant interactions were found in both the P60 response and in the SSSEP response. Stimulation of adjacent finger combinations caused more interaction than distant finger combinations. No difference was found between stimulation of two fingers with the same or a different frequency. Conclusions - Our results indicate that lateral inhibition is mainly responsible for the interaction effect. Significance - These observations provide further insight in the mechanisms behind interaction between somatosensory inputs.
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