Faking on direct, indirect, and behavioural measures of spider fear: Can you get away with it?
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Number of pages
SourceCognition & Emotion, 24, 3, (2010), pp. 549-558
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI SCP
SW OZ BSI KLP
SW OZ BSI ON
Cognition & Emotion
SubjectBehaviour Change and Well-being; Experimental Psychopathology and Treatment; Social Development
We tested direct, indirect, and behavioural measures of fear of spiders under neutral instructions, and when participants were asked to fake high and low fear of spiders. Our findings indicate that the Approach Avoidance Task (AAT) was the only measure that could be faked in one of the faking conditions only. We also assessed how easily faked results could be detected on each measure for different diagnostic criteria. The direct and behavioural measures showed good performance for all criteria. The AAT performed comparably only for a conservative criterion, when detecting fakers is less important than correctly labelling non-fakers.
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