Puberty-Dependent Sleep Regulation and Alcohol Use in Early Adolescents
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SourceAlcoholism-Clinical and Experimental Research, 34, 9, (2010), pp. 1512-1518
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI OGG
SW OZ BSI BO
Alcoholism-Clinical and Experimental Research
Background: Research has shown a bi-directional relation between alcohol use and sleep regulation in adults. Much less is known about this association in early adolescents, while profound puberty-dependent transitions regarding sleep patterns take place in early adolescence. Moreover, puberty has been associated with an increase in alcohol use of adolescents. Methods: In this study, we investigated the associations between pubertal development, sleep preference, sleep problems, and alcohol use in 431 early adolescents (mean age: 13.66). Second, it was studied whether the associations changed when controlling for adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems. Furthermore, we included gender as a moderator on all the associations. Results: Results showed that pubertal development was positively associated with sleep problems and more evening-type tendencies (e. g., favoring later bedtimes), which in turn were positively related to alcohol use. Underlying psychopathology, gender and educational level did not change these relationships. Conclusions: From this study, it can be concluded that both puberty and sleep regulation are important factors in explaining alcohol use in early adolescence.
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