Patient state index vs bispectral index as measures of the electroencephalographic effects of propofol.
SourceBritish Journal of Anaesthesia, 105, 2, (2010), pp. 172-8
01 augustus 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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British Journal of Anaesthesia
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action
BACKGROUND: The patient state index (PSI) and the bispectral index (BIS) quantify anaesthetic depth based on the EEG using different algorithms. We compared both indices with regard to the prediction of the depth of propofol anaesthesia. METHODS: In 17 patients, propofol was infused until burst suppression occurred and stopped thereafter until BIS recovered to values above 60. This was repeated; afterwards, patients were intubated, for subsequent surgery. Without surgical stimulus, PSI and BIS were measured simultaneously and compared with the estimated effect-site concentrations of propofol. These were derived from simultaneous pharmacokinetic and -dynamic modelling in an individual two-stage and a population-based NONMEM approach. RESULTS: A close sigmoid relationship was observed between the propofol effect-site concentration and both PSI [coefficient of determination rho(2)=0.91 (sd 0.05)] and BIS [rho(2)=0.92 (0.03)], which was significantly steeper for PSI [gamma=2.2 (0.6)] than for BIS [gamma=1.8 (0.4)], and reached significantly lower values for PSI [E(max)=0.3 (1.1)] than for BIS [E(max)=5.3 (6.7)] at maximal propofol concentrations. A significantly smaller k(e0) was obtained for PSI [0.09 (0.03) min(-1)] compared with BIS [0.10 (0.02) min(-1)]. PSI and BIS correlated significantly with each other (rho(2)=0.866) and predicted propofol effect-site concentration with a comparable probability [P(K)=0.87 (0.05) and 0.86 (0.05), respectively]. NONMEM revealed E(0)=89.3 and 92.3, E(max)=1.9 and 8.6, C(e50)=1.38 and 1.92 microg ml(-1), gamma=1.6 and 1.48, and k(e0)=0.103 and 0.131 min(-1) as typical values for PSI and BIS, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The PSI and the BIS monitors performed equally well in predicting depth of propofol anaesthesia. However, PSI was lower than BIS by approximately 10-15 points at high propofol concentrations.
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