(18)F-FDG PET patterns and BAL cell profiles in pulmonary sarcoidosis.
until further notice
SourceEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, 37, 6, (2010), pp. 1181-1188
1 juni 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation
PURPOSE: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET can both demonstrate sarcoid activity. To assess whether metabolic activity imaged by (18)F-FDG PET represents signs of disease activity as reflected by BAL, (18)F-FDG PET patterns were compared with BAL cell profiles. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, 77 newly diagnosed pulmonary sarcoidosis patients underwent BAL and (18)F-FDG PET. Based on (18)F-FDG PET, patients were diagnosed with exclusively mediastinal/hilar activity (group A) and activity in the lung parenchyma (group B). Per group, BAL lymphocytes (%), CD4/CD8 ratio, CD103(+)CD4(+)/CD4(+) ratio and neutrophils (%) were compared with the extent of metabolic activity expressed as the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV(max)). Additionally, SUV(max) and BAL parameters per radiographic stage were analysed. RESULTS: Overall, the SUV(max) in the lung parenchyma correlated with neutrophils and SUV(max) of the mediastinum/hila correlated with the CD4/CD8 ratio. In both groups, a significant, negative correlation between the SUV(max) of the mediastinum/hila and the CD103(+)CD4(+)/CD4(+) ratio was found. In group B, the SUV(max) of the mediastinum/hila correlated with the CD4/CD8 ratio, while the SUV(max) in the lung parenchyma correlated with the CD103(+)CD4(+)/CD4(+) ratio and neutrophils. Significant differences were found in the SUV(max), CD4/CD8 ratio, CD103(+)CD4(+)/CD4(+) ratio and neutrophils between the radiographic stages. The SUV(max) of the lung parenchyma was positively related to the radiographic stage, while the SUV(max) of the mediastinum/hila and CD4/CD8 ratio were inversely related. CONCLUSION: (18)F-FDG PET correlates with the CD4/CD8 ratio and neutrophils, suggesting that (18)F-FDG PET represents this specific cell profile in BAL. High SUV(max) values of the lung parenchyma may therefore correlate with more severe parenchymal involvement, particularly when accompanied by a low SUV(max) of the mediastinum/hila.
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