Simultaneous detection of intracellular target and off-target binding of small molecule cancer drugs at nanomolar concentrations.
until further notice
Number of pages
SourceBritish Journal of Pharmacology, 160, 4, (2010), pp. 958-970
01 juni 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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British Journal of Pharmacology
SubjectNCMLS 7: Chemical and physical biology
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In vitro assays that determine activities of drug candidates with isolated targets have only limited predictive value for activities in cellular assays. Poor membrane permeability and off-target binding are major reasons for such discrepancies. However, it still difficult to directly analyse off-target binding at the same time as target binding, on a subcellular level. Here, we present a combination of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS) as a solution to this problem. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The well-established dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor methotrexate and the kinase inhibitors PD173956 and purvalanol B were conjugated via polyethylene glycol linkers with the fluorophore Cy5. The cellular uptake and subcellular distribution of these compounds in single human cancer-derived cells were investigated by confocal laser scanning microscopy. In addition, molecular interactions inside the cell with the respective target proteins and off-target binding were detected simultaneously in the nanomolar range by FCCS and FCS, respectively, using cells expressing green fluorescent protein fusion proteins of dihydrofolate reductase and Abelson kinase 1. KEY RESULTS: Large differences in the interaction patterns were found for these compounds. For methotrexate-Cy5, drug-target interactions could be detected and dissociation constants determined. In contrast, PD173956-Cy5 showed strong interactions with intracellular high-molecular weight structures, other than its target. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The combination of FCS and FCCS provides a powerful means to assess subcellular pharmacokinetics and dynamics of drug candidates at nanomolar concentrations.
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