T cell responses to major peanut allergens in children with and without peanut allergy.
SourceClinical and Experimental Allergy, 40, 4, (2010), pp. 590-7
01 april 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Clinical and Experimental Allergy
SubjectIGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders
BACKGROUND: T cell responses involved in peanut allergy are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate T cell responses towards major peanut allergens in peanut-allergic (PA) subjects compared with peanut-sensitized (PS) non-allergic children and non-atopic (NA) controls. METHODS: Eighteen PA children, seven non-allergic PS children and 11 NA adults were included. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were stimulated with a crude peanut extract (CPE). Short-term T cell lines were generated and subsequently stimulated with CPE and purified Ara h 1, Ara h 2, Ara h 3 and Ara h 6. The proliferation and production of IL-13, IFN-gamma, IL-10 and TNF-alpha were analysed. RESULTS: Proliferation to CPE and major allergens was enhanced in PA subjects. The primary response to CPE was comparable with PS subjects, with increased production of IL-13 and IFN-gamma compared with NA. Production of IL-10 was not observed. In short-term T cell lines, the response to CPE was stronger in PA than in PS and NA subjects. Only PA children had a detectable response to major peanut allergens, characterized by IL-13 production. The response was the highest after Ara h 3 stimulation, and the lowest after Ara h 2 stimulation. No significant correlation was observed between peanut-specific IgE levels and T cell responses to CPE. CONCLUSION: T cell responses to CPE in PA and PS children were characterized by Th1 and Th2 cytokines. Only PA children showed enhanced Th2 responses to Ara h 1, Ara h 3 and Ara h 6.
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