The ATM-p53 pathway suppresses aneuploidy-induced tumorigenesis.
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SourceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 107, 32, (2010), pp. 14188-14193
Article / Letter to editor
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Cell Biology (UMC)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA
SubjectNCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; ONCOL 3: Translational research
The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is essential for proper sister chromatid segregation. Defects in this checkpoint can lead to chromosome missegregation and aneuploidy. An increasing body of evidence suggests that aneuploidy can play a causal role in tumorigenesis. However, mutant mice that are prone to aneuploidy have only mild tumor phenotypes, suggesting that there are limiting factors in the aneuploidy-induced tumorigenesis. Here we provide evidence that p53 is such a limiting factor. We show that aneuploidy activates p53 and that loss of p53 drastically accelerates tumor development in two independent aneuploidy models. The p53 activation depends on the ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene product and increased levels of reactive oxygen species. Thus, the ATM-p53 pathway safeguards not only DNA damage but also aneuploidy.
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