The ability of a collagen/calcium phosphate scaffold to act as its own vector for gene delivery and to promote bone formation via transfection with VEGF(165).
until further notice
SourceBiomaterials, 31, 10, (2010), pp. 2893-2902
1 april 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; NCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology
Collagen/calcium phosphate scaffolds have been used for bone reconstruction due to their inherent similarities to the bone extracellular matrix. Calcium phosphate alone has also been used as a non-viral vector for gene delivery. The aim of this study was to determine the capability of a collagen/calcium phosphate scaffold to deliver naked plasmid DNA and mediate transfection in vivo. The second goal of the study was to deliver a plasmid encoding vascular endothelial growth factor(165) (pVEGF(165)) to promote angiogenesis, and hence bone formation, in a mouse intra-femoral model. The delivery of naked plasmid DNA resulted in a 7.6-fold increase in mRNA levels of beta-Galactosidase compared to the delivery of plasmid DNA complexed with a partially degraded PAMAM dendrimer (dPAMAM) in a subcutaneous murine model. When implanted in a muirne intra-femoral model, the delivery of pVEGF(165) resulted in a 2-fold increase in bone volume at the defect site relative to control scaffolds without pVEGF(165). It was concluded that a collagen/calcium phosphate scaffold can mediate transfection without the use of additional transfection vectors and can promote bone formation in a mouse model via the delivery of pVEGF(165).
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