Controlled fabrication of triple layered and molecularly defined collagen/elastin vascular grafts resembling the native blood vessel.
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SourceActa Biomaterialia, 6, 12, (2010), pp. 4666-4674
1 december 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology
There is a consistent need for a suitable natural biomaterial to function as an arterial prosthesis in achieving arterial regeneration. Natural grafts are generally obtained by decellularization of native blood vessels, but batch to batch variations may occur and the nature/content of remaining contaminants is generally unknown. In this study we fabricated a molecularly defined natural arterial graft from scratch resembling the native three layered architecture from the fibrillar extracellular matrix components collagen and elastin. Using casting, moulding, freezing and lyophilization techniques, a triple layered construct was prepared consisting of an inner layer of elastin fibres, a middle (porous) film layer of collagen fibrils and an outer scaffold layer of collagen fibrils. The construct was carbodiimide cross-linked and heparinized. Characterization included biochemical/biophysical analyses, scanning electron microscopy, micro-computed tomography, (immuno)histology and haemocompatibility. Burst pressures were up to 400mm Hg and largely conferred by the intermediate porous collagen film layer. The highly purified type I collagen fibrils and elastin fibres used did not evoke platelet aggregation in vitro. Suturability of the graft in end to side anastomosis was successful and considered adequate for in vivo application.
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