The effect of vulvar lichen sclerosus on quality of life and sexual functioning.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 31, 4, (2010), pp. 279-284
1 december 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; ONCOL 4: Quality of Care
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic skin disorder mostly seen on the female anogenital skin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) and sexuality in female patients with LS and to compare their scores with healthy controls. In addition, we wanted to find factors associated with impaired sexual functioning in patients with LS. Members of the Dutch LS foundation and support group were asked to fill in three questionnaires: the Dermatology Quality of Life Index, Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS). 215 of 368 patients returned their questionnaire (58.4%). Their scores were compared to a control group which consisted of 61 women of similar age (p = 0.472) without a skin disorder. Of all domains of QoL, LS interfered most with sexual functioning. Patients significantly scored lower on all subscales of the FSFI (desire (p = 0.016), arousal (p < 0.001), lubrication (p < 0.001), orgasm (p < 0.001), satisfaction (p < 0.001) and pain (p < 0.001), indicating worse sexual functioning. These problems with sexual functioning brought about significant sexual distress (p < 0.001). Patients who experienced more influence on their QoL had more sexual difficulties, leading to more sexual distress independent of their age.
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