Factors influencing success of pelvic organ prolapse repair using porcine dermal implant Pelvicol.
until further notice
SourceEuropean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 149, 1, (2010), pp. 112-6
01 maart 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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Epidemiology, Biostatistics & HTA
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
SubjectNCEBP 12: Human Reproduction; NCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors influencing pelvic organ prolapse (POP) recurrence after repair surgery with a porcine dermal collagen implant (Pelvicol). STUDY DESIGN: From December 2003 to August 2005, 78 patients with mainly stage 3 pelvic organ prolapse by the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) system underwent vaginal repair using porcine dermal implant. Assessments were made preoperatively and at 6 weeks and one year follow-up. These included physical examination with POP-Q, Incontinence Impact Questionnaire, Urogenital Distress Inventory and the Defaecatory Distress Inventory and questions from the Patient Global Impression of Improvement. Data were recorded on changes in functional status, mesh erosion and adverse events. Procedural success was defined as POP-Q stage 0/1. RESULTS: 71 patients returned for one year follow-up. The overall cure rate was 74.6%. The chance of a successful operation in the younger group was significantly higher than in the older group (OR: 7.5; 95% CI 1.38, 40.69), but this effect is lower and no longer significant after adjusting for compartment (post, anterior, post+anterior) (adjusted OR: 5.5; 95% CI 0.92, 32.6). CONCLUSIONS: A low complication rate and satisfactory overall results were observed in a group of women after POP repair surgery with Pelvicol. Whether these results are better or worse than with conventional surgery or non-resorbable mesh implantation is unclear and can only be determined in a randomized controlled trial. There was a strong tendency towards better results in the younger women than in the older women, but the reason for this phenomenon is unclear.
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