Feasibility, safety, and outcome of a challenging transseptal puncture facilitated by radiofrequency energy delivery: a prospective single-centre study.
SourceEuropace, 12, 5, (2010), pp. 662-7
01 mei 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectNCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases
AIMS: Although it has been shown that a transseptal (TS) puncture in the electrophysiology laboratory is associated with a high success and a low complication rate, this procedure remains challenging particularly in difficult septum anatomies (aneurismal septum and thick septum) and during repeat TS catheterization. Radiofrequency (RF) electrocautery current delivery through the TS needle has been shown to facilitate the TS puncture. The aim of this study was to verify prospectively the feasibility, safety, and outcome of RF energy delivery associated with the standard TS technique in patients undergoing a challenging TS puncture. METHODS AND RESULTS: Over a 14-month period, 162 consecutive patients underwent left atrial (LA) arrhythmia ablation in our centre. Among them, we enrolled 18 patients who failed LA access after two TS puncture attempts. In these patients, an RF delivery through TS (RF-TS) needle approach was used to reach the LA. All 18 patients had a successful RF-TS at the first attempt. A transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) guidance and fluoroscopy views were used in all patients. No acute complications were reported. There have been no clinical sequelae after 10 +/- 4 months of follow-up following the RF-TS approach. Challenging TS punctures were more frequent in repeat LA catheterization when compared with the first LA catheterization, respectively, in 35% (13 of 37) and 4% (5 of 125) of the patients. CONCLUSION: Radiofrequency electrocautery delivery associated with the standard TS approach is a safe and reproducible technique to reach the left atrium, using the TEE guidance. This technique is helpful during repeat TS catheterization and in the presence of anatomical atrial septum abnormalities.
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