Dendritic cell vaccination in combination with anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody treatment: a phase I/II study in metastatic melanoma patients.
SourceClinical Cancer Research, 16, 20, (2010), pp. 5067-78
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Laboratory of Medical Immunology
Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Clinical Cancer Research
SubjectN4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; ONCOL 3: Translational research
PURPOSE: The success of cancer immunotherapy depends on the balance between effector T cells and suppressive immune regulatory mechanisms within the tumor microenvironment. In this study we investigated whether transient monoclonal antibody-mediated depletion of CD25(high) regulatory T cells (Treg) is capable of enhancing the immunostimulatory efficacy of dendritic cell vaccines. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Thirty HLA-A2.1(+) metastatic melanoma patients were vaccinated with mature dendritic cells pulsed with tumor peptide and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). Half of the patients were pretreated with daclizumab, a humanized antibody against the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor alpha-chain (CD25), either four or eight days before dendritic cell vaccinations. Clinical and immunologic parameters were determined. RESULTS: Daclizumab efficiently depleted all CD25(high) immune cells, including CD4(+)FoxP3(+)CD25(high) cells, from the peripheral blood within four days of administration. Thirty days after administration, daclizumab was cleared from the circulation and all CD25(+) cells reappeared. The presence of daclizumab during dendritic cell vaccinations prevented the induction of specific antibodies in vivo but not the presence of antigen-specific T cells. Daclizumab, however, did prevent these CD25(+) T cells from acquiring effector functions. Consequently, significantly less patients pretreated with daclizumab developed functional, vaccine-specific effector T cells and antibodies compared with controls. Daclizumab pretreatment had no significant effect on progression-free survival compared with the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Although daclizumab depleted the CD4(+)FoxP3(+)CD25(high) Tregs from the peripheral circulation, it did not enhance the efficacy of the dendritic cell vaccine. Residual daclizumab functionally suppressed de novo induced CD25(+) effector cells during dendritic cell vaccinations. Our results indicate that for immunotherapeutic benefit of transient Treg depletion, timing and dosing as well as Treg specificity are extremely important.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Academic publications 
- Electronic publications 
- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
- Open Access publications 
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.