Dendritic cell vaccination in combination with anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody treatment: a phase I/II study in metastatic melanoma patients.
until further notice
SourceClinical Cancer Research, 16, 20, (2010), pp. 5067-5078
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Medical Immunology
Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Clinical Cancer Research
SubjectN4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; ONCOL 3: Translational research
PURPOSE: The success of cancer immunotherapy depends on the balance between effector T cells and suppressive immune regulatory mechanisms within the tumor microenvironment. In this study we investigated whether transient monoclonal antibody-mediated depletion of CD25(high) regulatory T cells (Treg) is capable of enhancing the immunostimulatory efficacy of dendritic cell vaccines. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Thirty HLA-A2.1(+) metastatic melanoma patients were vaccinated with mature dendritic cells pulsed with tumor peptide and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). Half of the patients were pretreated with daclizumab, a humanized antibody against the interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor alpha-chain (CD25), either four or eight days before dendritic cell vaccinations. Clinical and immunologic parameters were determined. RESULTS: Daclizumab efficiently depleted all CD25(high) immune cells, including CD4(+)FoxP3(+)CD25(high) cells, from the peripheral blood within four days of administration. Thirty days after administration, daclizumab was cleared from the circulation and all CD25(+) cells reappeared. The presence of daclizumab during dendritic cell vaccinations prevented the induction of specific antibodies in vivo but not the presence of antigen-specific T cells. Daclizumab, however, did prevent these CD25(+) T cells from acquiring effector functions. Consequently, significantly less patients pretreated with daclizumab developed functional, vaccine-specific effector T cells and antibodies compared with controls. Daclizumab pretreatment had no significant effect on progression-free survival compared with the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Although daclizumab depleted the CD4(+)FoxP3(+)CD25(high) Tregs from the peripheral circulation, it did not enhance the efficacy of the dendritic cell vaccine. Residual daclizumab functionally suppressed de novo induced CD25(+) effector cells during dendritic cell vaccinations. Our results indicate that for immunotherapeutic benefit of transient Treg depletion, timing and dosing as well as Treg specificity are extremely important.
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