An alternatively spliced CXCL16 isoform expressed by dendritic cells is a secreted chemoattractant for CXCR6+ cells.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Leukocyte Biology, 87, 6, (2010), pp. 1029-1039
1 juni 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Hematology
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
SubjectIGMD 8: Mitochondrial medicine; NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; NCMLS 4: Energy and redox metabolism; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility IGMD 9: Renal disorder; ONCOL 3: Translational research
DC are professional APCs that initiate and regulate adaptive immune responses by interacting with naive and memory T cells. Chemokines released by DC play an essential role in T cell recruitment and in the maintenance of antigen-specific T cell-DC conjugates. Here, we characterized the expression of the T cell-attracting chemokine CXCL16 by murine DC. We demonstrate that through alternative RNA splicing, DC not only express the previously characterized transmembrane CXCL16 isoform, which can be cleaved from the cell surface, but also a novel isoform lacking the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. Transfection of HEK293 cells shows that this novel isoform, termed CXCL16v, is not expressed on the cell membrane but is secreted as a protein of approximately 10 kDa. Quantitative PCR demonstrates that CXCL16v is broadly expressed in lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues resembling the tissue distribution of DC. Indeed, CXCL16v mRNA is expressed significantly by spleen DC and BM-DC. Moreover, we show that mature DC have increased CXCL16v mRNA levels and express transmembrane and soluble CXCL16 proteins. Finally, we show that CXCL16v specifically attracts cells expressing the chemokine receptor CXCR6. Our data demonstrate that mature DC express secreted, transmembrane, and cleaved CXCL16 isoforms to recruit and communicate efficiently with CXCR6(+) lymphoid cells.
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