A new alpha(0)-thalassemia deletion found in a Dutch family (--(AW)).
SourceBlood Cells, Molecules and Diseases, 45, 2, (2010), pp. 133-135
Article / Letter to editor
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Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases
SubjectNCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease
Alpha-thalassemia is an inherited hemoglobin disorder characterized by a microcytic hypochromic anemia caused by a quantitative reduction of the alpha-globin chain. The majority of the alpha-thalassemias is caused by deletions in the alpha-globin gene cluster. A deletion in the alpha-globin gene cluster, which was found in a Dutch family, was characterized by MLPA, long-range PCR and direct sequencing. We describe the molecular characterization of a novel 8.2kb deletion (--(AW)), involving both alpha-globin genes in cis. The deletion is caused by a non-homologous recombination event between an Alu and an L1-repeat sequence. This deletion is the third example of a non-homologous recombination event involving an Alu and an L1 repeat, and the first described in the human alpha-globin gene cluster. Because of a 25% risk of Hb Bart's with hydrops foetalis in the offspring when in combination with another alpha(0)-thalassemia allele, it is important to diagnose this deletion.
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