The natural soluble form of IL-18 receptor beta exacerbates collagen-induced arthritis via modulation of T-cell immune responses.
until further notice
SourceAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 69, 1, (2010), pp. 276-283
1 januari 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation
OBJECTIVE: IL-18 is a pluripotent cytokine that has been implicated in the development of rheumatoid arthritis. A soluble form of the IL-18 receptor accessory protein (sIL-18Rbeta) with unknown function has recently been identified. This study examined the ability of sIL-18Rbeta to inhibit IL-18 biological activities and to modulate immune responses during collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS: Adenoviruses encoding sIL-18Rbeta were administered intravenously in type II collagen-immunised DBA/1 mice. Humoral responses were analysed by determining anti-bovine collagen type II (BCII) antibody levels by ELISA. Cytokine production by splenic T cells and cytokine levels in serum were measured by Luminex multi-analyte technology. CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) were measured by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Intravenous delivery of Ad5.sIL-18Rbeta in collagen-immunised mice led to enhanced transgene expression in splenic antigen-presenting cells (APC). A co-culture of these sIL-18Rbeta-transduced APC with purified splenic CD3(+) T cells led to a marked inhibition of IL-18-induced IFNgamma, IL-4 and IL-17 production by CD3(+) T cells. Remarkably, systemic treatment with Ad5.sIL-18Rbeta caused an exacerbation of arthritis, and histological evaluation of knee joints showed increased cartilage and bone erosion. No significant differences were observed in anti-BCII antibodies, but the aggravation was accompanied by decreased IFNgamma (-30%) and IL-4 (-44%) and increased IL-17 (+84%) production by splenic CD3(+) T cells. In addition, reduced circulating levels of CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg and anti-inflammatory IL-10 were shown. CONCLUSION: This study identifies sIL-18Rbeta as a novel IL-18 inhibitor, which promotes CIA after intravenous overexpression by affecting Treg levels and supporting a T helper type 17 response.
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