Uncultured marrow mononuclear cells delivered within fibrin glue hydrogels to porous scaffolds enhance bone regeneration within critical-sized rat cranial defects.
SourceTissue Engineering Part A, 16, 12, (2010), pp. 3555-3568
1 december 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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Tissue Engineering Part A
SubjectNCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology
For bone tissue engineering, the benefits of incorporating mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into porous scaffolds are well established. There is, however, little consensus on the effects of or need for MSC handling ex vivo. Culture and expansion of MSCs adds length and cost, and likely increases risk associated with treatment. We evaluated the effect of using uncultured bone marrow mononuclear cells (bmMNCs) encapsulated within fibrin glue hydrogels and seeded into porous scaffolds to regenerate bone over 12 weeks in an 8-mm-diameter, critical-sized rat cranial defect. A full factorial experimental design was used to evaluate bone formation within model poly(L-lactic acid) and corraline hydroxyapatite scaffolds with or without platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and bmMNCs. Mechanical push-out testing, microcomputed tomographical analyses, and histology were performed. PRP showed no benefit for bone formation. Cell-laden poly(L-lactic acid) scaffolds without PRP required significantly greater force to displace from surrounding tissues than control (cell-free) scaffolds, but no differences were observed during push-out testing of coral scaffolds. For bone volume formation as analyzed by microcomputed tomography, significant positive overall effects were observed with bmMNC incorporation. These data suggest that bmMNCs may provide therapeutic advantages in bone tissue engineering applications without the need for culture, expansion, and purification.
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