Management of isolated nonresectable liver metastases in colorectal cancer patients: a case-control study of isolated hepatic perfusion with melphalan versus systemic chemotherapy.
SourceAnnals of Oncology, 21, 8, (2010), pp. 1662-1667
1 augustus 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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Annals of Oncology
SubjectONCOL 3: Translational research
BACKGROUND: To compare the median overall survival of patients with isolated nonresectable liver metastases in comparable groups of patients treated with either isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP) with melphalan or systemic chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Colorectal cancer patients with isolated liver metastases, who underwent IHP, were included in this study. The control group consisted of a subgroup of colorectal cancer patients with liver metastases only, who were enrolled in the randomized CApecitabine, IRinotecan, Oxaliplatin (CAIRO) phase III study. RESULTS: Ninety-nine patients were treated with IHP, and 111 patients were included in the control group. All patient characteristics were comparable except for age. Median follow-up was 78.1 months for IHP versus 54.7 months in the control group. Median overall survival was 25.0 [95% confidence interval (CI) 19.4-30.6] months for IHP and 21.7 (95% CI 19.6-23.8) months for systemic treatment and did not differ significantly (P = 0.29). Treatment-related mortality was 2% for the systemic treatment and 6% for IHP (P = 0.11). CONCLUSION: Compared with a patient group with comparable characteristics treated with systemic chemotherapy, IHP does not provide a benefit in overall survival in patients with isolated nonresectable colorectal liver metastases. Currently, the use of IHP cannot be advocated outside the scope of clinical studies.
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