Course of visual decline in relation to the Best1 genotype in vitelliform macular dystrophy.
until further notice
SourceOphthalmology, 117, 7, (2010), pp. 1415-1422
1 juli 2010
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectIGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders
PURPOSE: To describe the disease course in patients with vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD) with a Best1 mutation and to determine the association between Best1 genotype and visual prognosis. DESIGN: Consecutive case series. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-three patients with VMD with Best1 mutations from 27 Dutch families, aged 11 to 87 years. METHODS: Best-corrected visual acuity (VA), fundus appearance, and Arden ratio on the electro-oculogram (EOG) during clinical follow-up were assessed from medical records. Mutation analysis of the Best1 gene was performed on DNA samples using denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography and direct sequencing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cumulative lifetime risk of visual decline below 0.5, 0.3, and 0.1 for the entire group and stratified for genotype. RESULTS: Median age of onset of visual symptoms was 33 years (range: 2-78). The cumulative risk of VA below 0.5 (20/40) was 50% at 55 years and 75% at 66 years. The cumulative risk of decline less than 0.3 (20/63) was 50% by age 66 years and 75% by age 74 years. Two patients progressed to VA less than 0.1 (20/200). Fourteen different mutations were found. Most patients (96%) had missense mutations; the Thr6Pro, Ala10Val, and Tyr227Asn mutations were most common. Visual decline was significantly faster in patients with an Ala10Val mutation than either the Thr6Pro or the Tyr227Asn mutation (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Age of onset of visual symptoms varies greatly among patients with VMD. All patients show a gradual decrease in VA, and most progress to visual impairment at a relatively late age. Our data suggest a phenotype-genotype correlation, because the Ala10Val mutation has a more rapid disease progression than other common mutations. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.
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