Hidden child labour: Determinants of housework and family business work of children in 16 developing countries
Nijmegen : Nijmegen Center for Economics, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
NiCE Working Paper Series ; 10-110
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SubjectDistributional Conflicts in a Globalizing World: Consequences for State-Market-Civil Society Arrangements
We study two ‘hidden’ forms of child labour -- housework and family business work -- on the basis of representative data on 178,000 children living in 214 districts in 16 African and Asian countries. The incidence of these child labour forms varies substantially among and within the countries, with national averages ranging from a few to over 15 hours a week and many children work much more. As expected, girls are more involved in housework and boys more in family business work, but this division is not very strict. Most (70-80%) of the variation in both child labour forms is due to household level factors, with socio-economic variables (like parental education, possession of land/cattle) and demographic variables (birth order, number of siblings, missing parents, grandparents present) playing important roles. Supply of education (indicated by adult schooling level) and national level of development (for housework) are the most important context factors.
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