Prostate cancer: detection of lymph node metastases outside the routine surgical area with ferumoxtran-10-enhanced MR imaging.
until further notice
SourceRadiology, 251, 2, (2009), pp. 408-414
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SubjectNCEBP 1: Molecular epidemiology; NCMLS 4: Energy and redox metabolism; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with ferumoxtran-10 in patients with prostate cancer to depict lymph node metastases outside the routine pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the institutional review boards at all four hospitals; patients provided written informed consent. Two hundred ninety-six consecutive men (mean age, 67 years; range, 47-83 years) with prostate cancer and an intermediate-to-high risk for nodal metastases (prostate-specific antigen level >10 ng/mL, Gleason score >6, or stage T3 disease) were enrolled. MR lymphography of the pelvis was performed 24 hours after intravenous drip infusion of ferumoxtran-10. Positive nodes at MR lymphography were indicated to be inside or outside the routine dissection area (RDA). On the basis of MR lymphography computed tomographic (CT)-guided biopsy, routine PLND, or MR imaging-guided minimal extended PLND was performed. RESULTS: MR lymphography findings were positive in 58 patients. Of these, 44 had histopathologic confirmation of lymph node metastases. In 18 of 44 patients (41%), MR lymphography findings showed nodes exclusively outside the RDA, which were confirmed with MR lymphography-guided extended PLND (n = 13) and CT-guided biopsy (n = 5). In another 18 patients (41%), positive nodes were located both inside and outside the RDA at MR lymphography. In these 18 patients, routine PLND was used to confirm the nodes inside the RDA (n = 11); CT-guided biopsy was used to confirm nodes outside the RDA (n = 7). In the remaining eight patients, MR lymphography findings showed only nodes inside the RDA, which was confirmed with PLND (n = 5) and CT-guided biopsy (n = 3). In 14 of the 58 patients (24%), there was no histologic confirmation. CONCLUSION: In 41% of patients with prostate cancer, nodal metastases outside the area of routine PLND were detected by using MR imaging with ferumoxtran-10.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.