Survival profiles of patients with frontotemporal dementia and motor neuron disease.
until further notice
SourceArchives of Neurology, 66, 11, (2009), pp. 1359-64
Article / Letter to editor
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Archives of Neurology
SubjectDCN 1: Perception and Action; DCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; NCEBP 11: Alzheimer Centre
BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are neurodegenerative diseases associated with TAR DNA-binding protein 43- and ubiquitin-immunoreactive pathologic lesions. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether survival is influenced by symptom of onset in patients with frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Retrospective review of patients with both cognitive impairment and motor neuron disease consecutively evaluated at 4 academic medical centers in 2 countries. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical phenotypes and survival patterns of patients. RESULTS: A total of 87 patients were identified, including 60 who developed cognitive symptoms first, 19 who developed motor symptoms first, and 8 who had simultaneous onset of cognitive and motor symptoms. Among the 59 deceased patients, we identified 2 distinct subgroups of patients according to survival. Long-term survivors had cognitive onset and delayed emergence of motor symptoms after a long monosymptomatic phase and had significantly longer survival than the typical survivors (mean, 67.5 months vs 28.2 months, respectively; P < .001). Typical survivors can have simultaneous or discrete onset of cognitive and motor symptoms, and the simultaneous-onset patients had shorter survival (mean, 19.2 months) than those with distinct cognitive or motor onset (mean, 28.6 months) (P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: Distinct patterns of survival profiles exist in patients with frontotemporal dementia and motor neuron disease, and overall survival may depend on the relative timing of the emergence of secondary symptoms.
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