The universal detection of antigens from one skin biopsy specimen.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Cutaneous Pathology, 36, 9, (2009), pp. 972-9
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
SubjectN4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy
BACKGROUND: Immunohistochemistry is an important tool in dermatology but is limited. Certain antigens can only be preserved in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections, while others can only be detected on frozen sections, resulting in situations where two biopsies are needed. We aimed to develop a technique for universal detection of different antigens out of just one biopsy specimen. METHODS: Single biopsies were obtained from lesional skin of patients with psoriasis. Standard sample procedures for frozen and paraffin-embedded sections were used. To convert frozen tissue into paraffin-embedded sections, the biopsy specimen was disposed of the embedding medium and subsequently fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin. We applied various antigen retrieval techniques with alkaline solutions. The differential expression of keratin 10, keratin 15, CD3, CD26 and human beta defensin-2 (HBD-2) was examined using immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: We showed that keratin 10 and 15 can be stained on both frozen and paraffin-embedded sections. Staining of paraffin-embedded sections required unmasking with trypsin and Tris-buffered saline Tween solution, respectively. CD3 and CD26 can only be detected on frozen sections, while HBD-2 can only be detected on paraffin-embedded sections. CONCLUSION: We have described a straightforward technique that gives us the opportunity to use just one biopsy specimen to obtain frozen sections as well as paraffin-embedded sections.
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