Transchromosomic cell model of Down syndrome shows aberrant migration, adhesion and proteome response to extracellular matrix.
SourceProteome Science, 7, (2009), pp. 31
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectIGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; ONCOL 3: Translational research
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS), caused by trisomy of human chromosome 21 (HSA21), is the most common genetic birth defect. Congenital heart defects (CHD) are seen in 40% of DS children, and >50% of all atrioventricular canal defects in infancy are caused by trisomy 21, but the causative genes remain unknown. RESULTS: Here we show that aberrant adhesion and proliferation of DS cells can be reproduced using a transchromosomic model of DS (mouse fibroblasts bearing supernumerary HSA21). We also demonstrate a deacrease of cell migration in transchromosomic cells independently of their adhesion properties. We show that cell-autonomous proteome response to the presence of Collagen VI in extracellular matrix is strongly affected by trisomy 21. CONCLUSION: This set of experiments establishes a new model system for genetic dissection of the specific HSA21 gene-overdose contributions to aberrant cell migration, adhesion, proliferation and specific proteome response to collagen VI, cellular phenotypes linked to the pathogenesis of CHD.
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