Expression of the vanin gene family in normal and inflamed human skin: induction by proinflammatory cytokines.
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SourceJournal of Investigative Dermatology, 129, 9, (2009), pp. 2167-74
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Investigative Dermatology
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; ONCOL 3: Translational research
The vanin gene family encodes secreted and membrane-bound ectoenzymes that convert pantetheine into pantothenic acid and cysteamine. Recent studies in a mouse colitis model indicated that vanin-1 has proinflammatory activity and suggest that pantetheinases are potential therapeutic targets in inflammatory diseases. In a microarray analysis of epidermal gene expression of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis lesions, we identified vanin-3 as the gene showing the highest differential expression of all annotated genes that we studied (19-fold upregulation in psoriasis). Quantitative real-time PCR analysis confirmed the microarray data on vanin-3 and showed similar induction of vanin-1, but not of vanin-2, in psoriatic epidermis. Immunohistochemistry showed that vanin-3 is expressed in the differentiated epidermal layers. Using submerged and organotypic keratinocyte cultures, we found that vanin-1 and vanin-3 are induced at the mRNA and protein level by psoriasis-associated proinflammatory cytokines (Th17/Th1) but not by Th2 cytokines. We hypothesize that increased levels of pantetheinase activity are part of the inflammatory-regenerative epidermal differentiation program, and may contribute to the phenotype observed in psoriasis.
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