Fluoride release and cariostatic potential of orthodontic adhesives with and without daily fluoride rinsing.
until further notice
SourceAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 136, 4, (2009), pp. 547-553
Article / Letter to editor
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American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
SubjectNCEBP 7: Effective primary care and public health
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the fluoride-release profiles and caries lesion development in an enamel model with brackets cemented with 4 orthodontic adhesives with and without daily fluoride exposure. METHODS: Four orthodontic adhesives (Ketac Cem mu, 3M ESPE, Seefeld, Germany; Fuji Ortho LC, GC Corporation, Tokyo, Japan; Light-Bond, Reliance Orthodontic Products, Itasca, Ill; and Transbond XT, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif) were used. Brackets were bonded on bovine enamel with each adhesive (n = 10) and subjected to alternate cycles of demineralizing (pH 4.55) and remineralizing (pH 6.8) solutions. Unbracketed enamel samples served as a reference. Five samples from each group were immersed in a fluoride mouth rinse (250 ppm fluoride) for 1 minute each day (test groups). Fluoride release was measured at regular intervals over 28 days. The mineral distribution of peribracket enamel after 28 days was quantified by transversal microradiographs. RESULTS: Fluoride-release profiles of Ketac Cem mu, Fuji Ortho LC, and Light-Bond were high for the first 24 hours and reached a constant level after 2 weeks. Fuji Ortho LC released significantly more fluoride than did the other adhesives in both the control and test groups (P <0.01, repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni test). Enamel bonded with Fuji Ortho LC had significantly shallower lesions and less mineral loss (P <0.01, 2-way ANOVA, and Tukey HSD). CONCLUSIONS: Bonding of orthodontic brackets with Fuji Ortho LC resulted in less peribracket enamel demineralization with and without daily fluoride rinsing, mainly due to its better fluoride-release profile. In contrast, Transbond XT and Light-Bond offered few cariostatic effects to the enamel.
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