Differences between ulcerated and non-ulcerated hemangiomas, a retrospective study of 465 cases.
until further notice
SourceEuropean Journal of Dermatology, 19, 2, (2009), pp. 152-156
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Hematology
European Journal of Dermatology
SubjectN4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; ONCOL 3: Translational research
Our purpose was to get better insight into the ulceration of hemangiomas, by comparing patient characteristics of non-ulcerated hemangiomas with hemangiomas with active or past ulceration. A retrospective analysis was performed of files of patients who visited the Radboud University Medical Centre Nijmegen (UMCN), the Netherlands, between 1997 and 2007 for one or more infantile hemangiomas. The medical records of 465 patients were reviewed. Twenty three percent of the patients were diagnosed with ulceration. The size of ulcerated hemangiomas was significantly larger (28.6 cm2 vs. 6.0 cm2, p < 0.05). Predilection areas for ulceration were the head-neck region and the anogenital region. Ulceration was significantly most frequently seen in hemangiomas with a superficial (epidermal) component (98.5%, p < 0.05) and a segmental distribution (29.3%, p < 0.05). Ulceration most frequently took place during the proliferation phase of the hemangioma (83.1%). In the whole study population the male to female ratio was 1:2 compared to a tendency to more girls (1:3) for the group with ulcerated hemangiomas (p = 0.08). We conclude that larger, more superficial hemangiomas in areas more susceptible to trauma and contamination were more likely to ulcerate. This study contributes to the possibility of assessing the likelihood of ulceration in an individual patient.
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