Development of a non-invasive murine infection model for acute otitis media.
until further notice
SourceMicrobiology (New York), 155, Pt 12, (2009), pp. 4135-4144
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Genetic, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
Microbiology (New York)
iss. Pt 12
SubjectDCN 2: Functional Neurogenomics; IGMD 3: Genomic disorders and inherited multi-system disorders N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; ONCOL 3: Translational research
Otitis media (OM) is one of the most frequent diseases in childhood, and Streptococcus pneumoniae is among the main causative bacterial agents. Since current experimental models used to study the bacterial pathogenesis of OM have several limitations, such as the invasiveness of the experimental procedures, we developed a non-invasive murine OM model. In our model, adapted from a previously developed rat OM model, a pressure cabin is used in which a 40 kPa pressure increase is applied to translocate pneumococci from the nasopharyngeal cavity into both mouse middle ears. Wild-type pneumococci were found to persist in the middle ear cavity for 144 h after infection, with a maximum bacterial load at 96 h. Inflammation was confirmed at 96 and 144 h post-infection by IL-1beta and TNF-alpha cytokine analysis and histopathology. Subsequently, we investigated the contribution of two surface-associated pneumococcal proteins, the streptococcal lipoprotein rotamase A (SlrA) and the putative proteinase maturation protein A (PpmA), to experimental OM in our model. Pneumococci lacking the slrA gene, but not those lacking the ppmA gene, were significantly reduced in virulence in the OM model. Importantly, pneumococci lacking both genes were significantly more attenuated than the DeltaslrA single mutant. This additive effect suggests that SlrA and PpmA exert complementary functions during experimental OM. In conclusion, we have developed a highly reproducible and non-invasive murine infection model for pneumococcal OM using a pressure cabin, which is very suitable to study pneumococcal pathogenesis and virulence in vivo.
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