Infant orthopedics and facial growth in complete unilateral cleft lip and palate until six years of age (dutchcleft).
until further notice
SourceCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 46, 6, (2009), pp. 654-63
Article / Letter to editor
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Preventative Restorative Dentistry
Orthodontics and Oral Biology
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
SubjectNCEBP 2: Evaluation of complex medical interventions; NCEBP 7: Effective primary care and public health
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate longitudinally the effect of infant orthopedics (IO) on dentofacial cephalometric variables in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients from 4 to 6 years of age. DESIGN: Prospective two-arm randomized controlled clinical trial in three cleft palate centers in The Netherlands (Dutchcleft trial). PATIENTS: Fifty-four children with complete UCLP. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were divided randomly into two groups. Half of the patients (IO+) had IO until surgical closure of the soft palate at the age of +/-52 weeks; the other half (IO-) received no intervention. MEAN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cephalometric values representing soft tissue, hard tissue, and dental structures, measured on lateral headfilms made at 4 and 6 years of age. RESULTS: In the IO+ group, 21 patients were analyzed; in the IO- group, 20 patients were analyzed at age 4 and 22 at age 6. No differences were found between IO+ and IO-, except for two measurements: The interincisal angle was larger and the mentolabial angle was smaller in the IO+ group. CONCLUSIONS: For infants with UCLP whose surgical management included soft palate repair at 12 months and delayed hard palate closure, cephalometric outcomes at ages 4 and 6 provide no indication for the type of IO used in this study.
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