Antibiotic stewardship and consumption: findings from a pan-European hospital study.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 64, 4, (2009), pp. 853-860
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
SubjectN4i 2: Invasive mycoses and compromised host; NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity
OBJECTIVES: Much has been written about antibiotic stewardship although less is known about the structure and content of antibiotic policies at hospital level. As part of the European Commission Concerted Action Antibiotic Resistance Prevention And Control (ARPAC) Project, data on antibiotic stewardship were collated and relationships investigated by antibiotic consumption in European hospitals. METHODS: A questionnaire survey on antibiotic stewardship factors was completed by 170 hospitals from 32 European countries. Data on committees, antibiotic formularies and policies addressing empirical therapy and prophylaxis were collated. Data on antibiotic use, expressed as defined daily doses per 100 occupied bed-days (DDD/100 BD), were provided by 139 hospitals from 30 countries, and 124 hospitals provided both data sets. Six key indicator stewardship variables were analysed by European region, case mix and antibiotic consumption. RESULTS: Hospitals from Northern and Western Europe were more likely to convene antibiotic committees or drugs and therapeutic committees compared with those from Southern and South-Eastern Europe (P < 0.001). One-fifth of hospitals had neither an antibiotic committee nor a policy. Hospital antibiotic policies commonly included recommendations on individual drugs, drug choices, dosage, duration and route but were less likely to contain information on side effects and cost. There were no significant differences by median total (J01) antibiotic consumption, although other antibiotic subgroups differed by stewardship indicators. CONCLUSIONS: Policies and practices relating to antibiotic stewardship varied considerably across European hospitals. These data provide a benchmark for newer European strategies tackling antibiotic resistance. More work is required to achieve harmonization of recommended practice, particularly in hospitals from Southern Europe.
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