Angiogenesis, hypoxia and VEGF expression during tumour growth in a human xenograft tumour model.
until further notice
SourceMicrovascular Research, 77, 2, (2009), pp. 96-103
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Genetic, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
SubjectIGMD 6: Hormonal regulation; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection
Tumour growth and spread of tumour cells requires angiogenesis. Incipient angiogenesis is not induced by tumour cell hypoxia but probably by proangiogenic factors. During growth tumours depend on a further induction of vascular development for adequate oxygen and nutrient supply. If the oxygen supply is insufficient, the resulting hypoxia stimulates angiogenesis through upregulation of HIF-1 alpha and VEGF. VEGF upregulation is associated with a poor response to treatment and poor prognosis. The aim of the study was to analyze the interrelationship between hypoxia and angiogenesis during tumour growth. Therefore the tumour vasculature architecture and functional properties of the vessels were studied during subsequent phases of tumour growth in relation to hypoxia and VEGF-expression. Tumours from the human glioblastoma multiforme tumour line E106 were transplanted in athymic mice. Tumours were harvested at 2 days after transplantation and when tumours reached a mean size of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 mm. VEGF was present early in the onset of angiogenesis independent of HIF-1 alpha. During tumour growth VEGF increased from 0.94 to 7.27 ng/mg assessed by ELISA. However, there was increasing intratumoural heterogeneity in the architecture of the tumours, even in the largest tumours small well oxygenated areas were detected resembling the relatively well organized architecture of the smallest tumours. The observation that tumour vasculature develops in early phases under normoxic and at later phases under hypoxic conditions with the presence of both conditions in the larger tumours, suggested that anti-angiogenic therapy should be directed towards HIF-1 alpha dependent and HIF 1-alpha independent pathways.
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