A review on the use of molecular markers of cytotoxic therapy for colorectal cancer, what have we learned?
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SourceEuropean Journal of Cancer, 45, 11, (2009), pp. 1935-49
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Cancer
SubjectNCMLS 2: Immune Regulation; NCMLS 6: Genetics and epigenetic pathways of disease; ONCOL 1: Hereditary cancer and cancer-related syndromes; ONCOL 2: Age-related aspects of cancer; ONCOL 3: Translational research; ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, significant progress has been achieved in the cytotoxic treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) by the use of fluoropyrimidines, irinotecan and oxaliplatin. However, as not all patients do respond to chemotherapy, there is a need for predictive and prognostic factors in order to optimise the treatment for individual patients. Although many potential molecular markers have been studied, none of these have been implemented in the standard of care for colorectal cancer patients. METHOD: We performed a review of the data on the prognostic and/or predictive value of molecular markers for cytotoxic drugs in CRC. The following markers were included: dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase, orotate phosphoribosyl transferase, thymidine phosphorylase, thymidylate synthase, mismatch repair deficiency, topoisomerase 1, excision cross-complementing gene and carboxylesterases. RESULTS: With the exception of mismatch repair deficiency, these molecular markers showed divergent and inconsistent results on their prognostic and/or predictive value. This underscores the complexity of the role of these markers. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that further retrospective testing of these markers is unlikely to add clinically useful results. More definite results may only be expected when these markers are included in the design of prospective randomised studies.
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